Did you know that the constitution of India or the Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna is the lengthiest written constitution in the world? Well, good if you did, even if you did not know, don’t you worry. This article will help you gather all the actualities about our constitution and the fundamental rights that it puts out for us. Besides learning about the rights, do read about the fundamental duties in India. Now, without any further ado let’s start reading about the Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna, the supreme law of the land.
The Creation Of The Constitution
Sir Benegal Narsing Rau created the initial draft of our constitution in February 1948. Finally, on 26th November 1949, the constitution of India was acted and adopted by the constituent assembly which was headed by Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar. The day is honoured as National Law Day or Constitution Day.
The formatting of our Indian constitution lays down the framework that determines the fundamental political code, configuration, functions, authorities, and duties of government organizations and puts out the fundamental rights of the Indian Constitution and directive principles. and the fundamental duties of the citizens of India. Let’s read more about the fundamental rights set out for us by our constitution.
The Fundamental Rights Set By The Constitution
- The Fundamental Rights are enclosed in Part III of the Indian Constitution from Articles 12 to 35. Part III is also defined as the Magna Carta of India. It carries a comprehensive list of ‘justiciable’ fundamental rights.
- All the fundamental rights of India are either taken from or inspired by the bill of rights, the constitution of the USA.
- However, the fundamental rights in the Indian constitution are more elaborate than any other constitution of any other nation in the world.
- Our rights are ensured by the constitution without any intolerance against all persons. They seek to set a government that is not of men but of rules.
Right To Equality (Article 14-18)
- It is insured equality, also the prohibition of discrimination on specific grounds such as religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth gives equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
- Repeal the untouchability and forbid its exercise, dissolution of all designations except military and academic.
Right To Freedom (Article 19-22)
- Security of six rights regarding freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association, movement, residence, and profession.
- The right to freedom also states that no person shall be underprivileged of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.
Right Against Exploitation (Article 23 -24)
- It denies human trafficking, forced labour, and other equivalent states of compelled labour.
- It also restricts the engagement of minor children below the age of 14 years in any mine, factory, or other hazardous activities like construction work or railway.
Right To Freedom Of Religion (Article 25-28)
- All persons are equally permitted the liberty of conscience and the right to willingly practice, propagate and profess religion.
- Gives Freedom from Taxation for Promotion of a Religion means no person shall be compelled to pay any taxes for the maintenance or promotion of any particular religious denomination or section.
Cultural & Educational rights (Article 29-30)
- Any section of the citizens in any part of the country having a definite script, culture, or language of its own, shall have the right to conserve the same.
- No national shall be refused admission into any educational organization maintained.
Right To Constitutional Remedies (Article 32-35)
- The right to remedies for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of an aggrieved citizen.
- It is also named the right to get the fundamental rights protected is in itself a fundamental right. Article 32 makes the fundamental rights real.